Committee Name: Organization of African Unity (OAU)
Undersecretary-General: Jose Villalobos Gonzalez
Deputy Undersecretary-General: Julie Antão
Chair: Gary Xie
Topic A: The Discovery of AIDS
Topic B: Western Sahara Territorial Disputes
Access the Topic Abstract for this committee here.
A Letter from the Chair
Welcome to the annual session of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) as we meet in the historic city of Addis Ababa in November 1984. As representatives of your respective countries, you gather to discuss important challenges facing Africa today.
Section VIII of the UN Charter allows “regional arrangements” and recognize their right to deal with matters of “international peace and security.” However, the OAU lacked the binding authority to enforce their decisions. Recognizing the limiting authority you have, how can you achieve your goals?
In this session of the OAU, we will deal with two pressing issues affecting Africa and even the world. First, in 1983 the first case of AIDS was diagnosed in Africa. This disease is alarming some public health professionals. While you do not know the extend of its threat in the future, how could you work together to curtail its spread?
Second, in 1984, the OAU is embroiled in a debate about the future of Western Sahara. While Morocco claims sovereignty over the territory, the rebels in the territory, the self-proclaimed Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic wants independence. The OAU has a dual obligation to oppose colonialization and promote African Unity. With Western Sahara claiming independence and Morocco threatening to withdraw from the OAU over the conflict, how will you address this issue?
In debating these difficult problems, you will be expected to consider both your countries’ stances on these issues, as well as the interests of the international community, while ultimately formulating policies that meet the goal of the OAU in furthering African unity.
Good luck, or as they say in Amharic (the language of Ethiopia): መልካም ዕድል
Chair, Organization of African Unity