The General Assembly (GA) organ is home to NAIMUN LVI’s 7 largest committees that provide delegates with a realistic size and scope of this United Nations body. The General Assembly is one of the six main organs of the United Nations, the only one in which all Member States have equal representation to discuss and work together on a wide array of international issues covered by the UN Charter, such as development, peace and security, international law. Debate in the GA is spirited, as delegates must balance their responsibilities to their respective nations, allies, and the committee as a whole. Delegates will emerge from a GA committee with a thorough understanding of the promises and pitfalls of international diplomacy.
First committee: Disarmament and international security (DISEC)
The United Nations First Committee, the Disarmament and International Security Committee (DISEC) is made up of all member nations to the UN. This committee is tasked with discussing all disarmament and security issues under the UN Charter, as well as disarmament and security issues related to any other body within the UN. The First Committee is tasked with ensuring that all disarmament treaties are successfully followed as well as maintaining peace in the world.
Third Committee: Social, Humanitarian, and Cultural (SOCHUM)
The Social, Humanitarian & Cultural committee (SOCHUM) is the Third Committee of the General Assembly. In terms of the United Nations, the Third Committee is utilized for discussions on social, humanitarian affairs and human rights issues that currently impact people all over the world. SOCHUM constantly collaborates with other bodies within the UN to address the myriad of issues that fall within its jurisdiction. Delegates must find a balance between prioritizing the interests that pertain to the individual country that they will be representing, versus the concerns of the committee as a whole.
Fourth Committee: Special Political and Decolonization (SPECPOL)
The United Nations Fourth Committee of the UN General Assembly (also known as SPECPOL) was established in 1993, and takes its mandate from Article XI of the United Charter, which commits to the preservation of the rights and dignities of those living in non-self-governing territories, as well as General Assembly Resolution 47/233, which established it as the body to discuss issues the First Committee (DISEC) was not equipped to handle, such as self-determination and international security concerns. Per this mandate, SPECPOL, which includes all 193 member states of the United Nations, focuses on a broader scope than other committees, and balances its attention between pressing short term issues such as peacekeeping, decolonization, and self-determination efforts and more long term attention towards ameliorating the lasting impact of colonial impact.
Sixth Committee: Legal
The Sixth Committee is the primary forum for the consideration of legal questions in the General Assembly. The committee has universal membership and all of the United Nations Member States are entitled to representation. The Legal Committee is the Sixth Committee of the United Nations General Assembly and meets annually, looking at international law, international trade law, and treaties. The committee will be discussing these issues, with a specific viewpoint towards criminal accountability for UN officials and the terminology surrounding international displacement.
Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS)
The United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS) was established in 1959 (shortly after the launch of Sputnik) as an ad hoc committee within the General Assembly organ. In 1959, it was formally established by United Nations resolution 1472 (XIV). The mission of COPUOS is "to review the scope of international cooperation in peaceful uses of outer space, to devise programs in this field to be undertaken under United Nations auspices, to encourage continued research and the dissemination of information on outer space matters, and to study legal problems arising from the exploration of outer space.
Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)
The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) is an intergovernmental organization and the implementing body for the Chemical Weapons Convention, which entered into force on 29 April 1997. The OPCW, with its 192 member states, originates from The Hague, Netherlands, and oversees the global endeavor for the permanent and verifiable elimination of chemical weapons.
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), founded in 1965, works with 170 countries to fight poverty, reduction of inequalities and exclusion. Therefore it supports governments to develop policies, leadership skills, partnering abilities, institutional capabilities and build resilience in order to sustain development results. The UNDP focuses on building sustainable development, democratic governance and peace building as well as climate and disaster resilience. It sees itself especially promoting human rights for women, minorities, the poorest and most vulnerable.